Zoono is an antimicrobial technology that works differently from the common liquid traditional disinfectants, that have been used for many years. Antibiotics are now struggling for the treatment of infection due to resistance developed by potentially harmful microorganisms by selection as a result of the wide spread global misuse of antibiotics through poor prescribing, agriculture and availability without prescription. Some bacteria are now totally resistant to the previously considered most effective antibiotics such as carbapenems. These are destroyed by the bacteria producing enzymes capable of inactivating the antibiotic such as carbapenemase producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE).
Zoono technology is not an antibiotic but it is a game changing solution to reducing the transmission of pathogenic microorganisms from the environment, as the next generation of antimicrobial surface protection it continues to kill microorganisms for up to 30 days depending upon the application. Zoono becomes active when it is dry and can be applied to any surface with the simplest application, such as by spray/wipe or more sophisticated fogging techniques, and once dry aesthetic cleaning can continue to take place as it binds to the surface producing a protective antimicrobial barrier. The technology is also available as a hand sanitizer to provide residual protection.
It is now widely acknowledged that the environment and surfaces are a significant source of microbiological contamination and is considered as a major vector for harmful microorganisms to cause infection (cross-infection). Bacteria, virus’s fungi and yeasts contaminate surfaces and in fact can form bio-films that are extremely resilient to hygiene processes i.e. cleaning and disinfection. Harmful microorganisms can be transferred by cross contamination via touch or the air in the form of aerosols (in water droplets) or generally as single cells or “clumps”. Aerial contamination is especially significant for viral infection but also for other infections such as those caused by spores such as Clostridium difficile. Bacteria can also be found in water systems such as Pseudomonas spp. Each species, family of microorganisms can have its own unique mode of transmission and portal of entry, people that are more vulnerable with low immunity, the very young and very old can be especially vulnerable but there are a plethora microorganisms “pathogens” that are capable of infecting any person for example Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), norovirus, Aspergillus niger and extremely pathogenic viruses such as Ebola. However, patients that are immune-suppressed, have open wounds or who are generally ill at any age are more susceptible.
The environment in any building, vehicle, ship or even home that has surfaces and is not protected, especially the hospital environment, can therefore be a source of infection. Routine liquid disinfectants only work while the surfaces are wet, once the disinfectant is wiped off or dried it is no longer capable of killing any further potentially harmful microorganisms that recontaminate that surface. In fact, the surface becomes contaminated to the same levels as before disinfection within 1 – 2 hours. This is the reason why Zoono technology is a next generation biocide, it is also water-based and has low toxicity levels therefore does not require any special precautionary considerations unlike the more toxic and corrosive biocides, which is why it can also be used in the home. The product designed for surface application is Zoono Microbe Shield (Z71).
Zoono technology was originally developed to help prevent the build-up of bio-matter on submarines reducing friction and for the antimicrobial protection of textiles. However, at the time the formulations were highly volatile and toxic and had existed since the 1930’s and the technology was re-engineered to water based in the 80’s. Zoono was established in 2008 by the founder Paul Hyslop based in New Zealand and has since become a global organisation bringing on Zoono India, Zoono USA with FDA and EPA approval and a number of other countries globally such as China and the UAE. As a result of this Zoono is used in many application areas and has a wealth of global microbiological test data. In 2018 offices and ware housing in the UK was set up to serve the European market and currently extensive R&D is underway.
The important benefit of Zoono antimicrobial technology is that it is not a traditional biocide (disinfectant) as it modifies any surface to become antimicrobial for an extended period of time. It is classified as nano-technology because it is completely invisible to the naked eye, meaning that no residue can be seen even on shiny surfaces such as glass. It has low extremely low levels of toxicity, is simple to apply and has many areas of application. It is also highly cost effective as only a low volume application is required and it lasts for an extended period of time after application once it has dried.
Zoono reduces the risk of environmentally mediated infection by overcoming the age-old dilemma of rapid surface recontamination after traditional “wet” disinfection, active once dry – a game changing technology adapted for modern global infection control issues. Zoono works differently, it works best when dry!
Norovirus, Influenza A, and against bacterial pathogens including C. diff, E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Mycobacterium tuberculosis.